This report was developed and written by Caroline Howard (Afghanistan Country Analyst, IDMC) and Jelena Madzarevic (Housing, Land and Property Advisor, NRC Afghanistan).
Some 630,000 Afghans are currently estimated to be internally displaced by ongoing armed conflict and Afghanistan still struggles with the reintegration of over 5.7 million former refugees. 30% of Afghans now live in towns and cities, the majority in informal setlements located in or around the major cities of Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad and Khandahar. Rapid urban growth had been fuelled by the repatriation of refugees, the arrival of IDPs fleeing conflict and disasters as well as economic migration from rural areas.
As Afghanistan faces an uncertain future, achieving durable solutions for the country's internally displaced and refugee returnee populations remains inextricably linked to delivering housing, land and property rights.
Read about it: